Corrosion resistance of modern Ti-based materials for long-lasting biomedical applications2021.12.13 9:44 - Katarzyna Kuźniar
Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) is one of the most widely used metallic material for biomedical applications owing to its unique combination of relatively low stiffness, biocompatibility and high corrosion resistance in the body fluids. However, mechanical strength of CP-Ti is too low to exploit this material in case of load-bearing replacements such as modern narrow dental implants. One of the possible way to overcome this drawback is grain refinement to the nanoscale by large plastic deformation methods. Defects of crystal lattice, introduced during Ti nanostructuring, affect not only mechanical strength but also functional properties such as corrosion resistance. In this talk, I will describe the effect of grain boundaries and dislocations on Ti corrosion performance. Moreover, I will briefly explain my approaches proposed to enhance corrosion resistance of CP-Ti, especially in the solutions containing strong oxidizer – H2O2 - a product of human immunological cells as a response for the implantation procedure. Degradation phenomena will be evaluated based on the results of electrochemical tests (EIS, potentiodynamic polarization), microscopic observations (TEM), spectroscopic (AES,XPS) and combined electrochemical-microscopic analysis (EC-AFM).